CHIN STATE is mainly accessible by car on poor roads cut along the mountain sides and vellys.
Kanpetlet and Mindat can be reached from central plain region, Bagan.
The route to Mindat is to across the Ayeyarwaddy River by boat and proceed to Mindat along Kamma, Pauk,Kyaukhtu road.
The distance is 148km and takes 8 hours.
The route to Kampetlet is Bagan,Chauk, Saw, kampetlet 156km a day trip.
For all trips in Chin state, Bagan is the best starting place.
Haka is situated in the northern Chin state .
it is located on the slope f a large mountain, at 1890 m above sea level and built in U shape.
Falam is the capital of Falam district Northern Chin state.
It is built on the slope of of a mountain range,in multiple steps.
The town is quite clean,tidy and living standard is high.
There is a good place to learn and visit to Chin Cheif's traditional house about 24 km from Falam .
Moreover Laiun cave is very popular place for public park center.
40 Km from Hakha,it sits between the Vuichip and Marau mountains.
it borders extend to Mizoram's edge in India.
The town water flows is from the nearby Buhva and Lahva rivers.
Paddy fields dot Lavha banks, regularly plowed by local farmers in June and harvested by the end of October.
The main roads from Matupi are
one that goes to mindat (102 miles long) and the other one goes to Hakha township (173 miles long).
Both roads leading to Matupi are not well paved roads.
There is beautiful scenery amiable and affectionatyely beautiful .
It is home to several tribes,the township has much to be explored.
The virgin environments of township are breatakingly charming.
Small hetic border Town
The Rih Lake
RIH the hearth shape,lake lies in the western part of falam township.
It is one of the most signifient and beautiful lakes in myanmar and considered the heart of pictureque chin state.
The body of water viewed from above resembles a heart.
The lake is about 1.5km in length and 0.8km in width and situated 2800feet above sea level.it is about 60feet depth and 3 miles in diameter.
The lake is full of water all year round and turn redish colour
in december every year.
Chin people belive that all spirits have to pass through the lake.
The locals and even people from India , belive that their ancestor's souls are alive in the lake and go to pray there.
It is about 101km from falam and 48 km from Tedim.
It can be acessible by car from falam and Tedim .
Buses ride to the lake are now available from Yangon.
The most easiest reach town in chin Hills, is beautiful ,peaceful and traquil town and situated in southern chin state.
1482 m above sea level and trading hub for southern chin state.
Tall pine trees line the approching road while distant mountains shadow the town.
Then there will be small, beautiful wooden houses with scenic backdrop along the main road.
Local people still wear Chin dress and carry Chin baskets and knives while some men carry locally made shot guns on the streets.
Many women dress beautiful Chin necklaces while some old women still wear enormous Chin traditional earings.
A small twn probably the the smallest town in chin stateis in the southern chin state.
It is built on the slope of the mountain with large mountains overshadowing.
The scence from the town is very beautiful , especially before the sunset.
During the winter, the mountains are coveredin thick fog,transforming the whole town into a small paradise.
Kampetlet is still unspoiled by the modern world and very good place to orveserve the chin traditional way of life.
People are still living in the same way hundreds of years and years ago.
This is also a very nice place to do trekking.
In near kampetlet ,there has Mount Victoria National Park .
it is better to use Kanpetlet as base camp to watch birds and butterflies .
The town is just about 80 km away from Mindat, only 19 km away from Saw,Yaw region.
NATMA TAUNG ( Mt Victoria)
(KHAW NU SOUM)
NATIONAL PARK 279 sq miles
about 80 miles west of Bagan.
The Women With Tattooed Faces
How to Get Chin State
Yangon- Pakaukku 10 hours drive
Pakaukku - Mindat - 4 hours drive
Yangon - Monywa- Kalay
Tiddim and the Sial Lum Fort
By Kaung Si Thu
Posted by Global New Light of Myanmar
Date: May 21, 2018
Calm and cool Chin State cozily lies in the far away northern part of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar enveloped with fine weather in the midst of beautiful green mountains luring globe trotters to come and enjoy a place to remember.
Tiddim or Tedim is a town in and the administrative seat of Tedim Township, Chin State, in the north-western part of the country.
The town's four major boroughs are: Sakollam, Myoma, Lawibual and Leilum.
Due to difficult and skeletal transportation to be there for large crowd of visitors, the landscape of the area remains amazingly and exceptional natural beauty deep rooted with China traditional culture symbolizing and reflecting the awesome characteristic of Chin State.
The beautiful Tiddim Town is the second largest town in Chin State.
Going westward from Tiddim, one can stepped into the land of Mizoram State of the Republic of India.
Rising up in the sky, the town stands out above 5667 feet above sea level, and a mountain named "Htwan Won Mountain" scaled up to 8871 feet.
Methodically constituted with (130) villages, it has (55) village tracts.
During the British rule, Tiddim area had been administered in
Interestingly, the early Tiddim Town was first founded in AD 1550 according to the records.
Believe it or not, Tiddim Township has no flat plain space but forest covered mountains and steep valleys.
Among the rivers in the State, the Manipur River is the famous watercourse.
The most famous and uniquely shaped like a heart "Rih Lake", a tourist attraction, is in Tiddim Township. Rih Lake, a natural lake is located in Rihkhawdar village, northwestern Chin State, in Myanmar.
It lies at about 3 kilometers from Zokhawthar village at an Indo-Myanmar border. The lake is about one mile
(1.6 km) in length and half a mile (0.8km) in width.
It is about 3 miles (4.8km) in its circumference and the depth is about
Looking deep into Tiddim Township, it is learnt that direct descendants of local Chin tribes of ruling class, warriors, and royal courts ministers had resided there.
By nature, Tiddim Township is the home for motley assortment of woodland and rain forests mingled with rare species of wild animals.
Fine apples and aromatic tea plants (green tea) are grown in many places of Chin State, and that Tiddim is the trading center for these products. Over the last few years, ground nuts and onions are grown and exported to the Republic of India through border trade centers.
Tiddim and domesticated wild ox
In Tiddim Township, many households raise farm animals such as buffalo, cow, pig, goat, sheep, chicken, duck and domesticated wild ox from five head counts to fifty head counts.
Chin nationals calculated and valued their wealth on the number of ownership for domesticated wild ox.
The animal is being termed and valued as wedding gift to local marriage ceremony.
Ironically, the domesticated wild animals are not confined in ranch, but released freely in the open wide space just by marking them on the body.
The owners went to the valley of grazing grounds to collect their animals back when required for trading or selling.
Some time at the collection, they find it difficult to identify the animals and arguments and quarrels cropped up.
Eventually, they settled the matters amicably.
The Sial Lum Fort
The visitors who arrived at Tiddim Town never failed to visit the heart shape beautiful Rih Lake and the historical Sial Lum Fort.
The Department of Historical Research and National Archives under the Ministry of Religious and Culture have been undertaking the responsibility of maintenance, care and renovation of ancient and historical sites and structures across the country.
The Sial Lum Fort in Tiddim Township is among the list of maintenance and care.
However, the historical sites such as the Fort White in Khaw Sa Village; the historical Residence of local Tribe Chief in Sai Zan Village and the old Air Port are yet to be included in the list for maintenance.
In the language of Siyin Chin dialect, the "Sial" means the "head of wild ox" and the word "Lum" stands out as "Fort".
Therefore, the word "Sial Lum" could be literally interpreted as "The Fort in the shape of Wild Ox".
The fort is situated in Tiddim Township at above sea level (4000) feet.
The British invaded and annexed the upper Myanmar in 1885, and attempted to occupy Chin Hills region.
Intense fighting ensued between the invaders and the Chin nationals in many areas and that the Sial Lum Battle was the heaviest.
A story about the battle between British invaders and the Siyin Chin people of Myanmar was interesting.
The native Siyin (Sizang) fought the British viciously and 28 warriors lost their life.
In 1887, Chindwin Political Officer Captain F. D. Raikes had a discussion with Falam Council Head Bo Sun Pet and other Chin tribe leaders.
The discussions involved on the topics such as that the Chin nationals to refrain from attacks on the lands being annexed by the British, and to establish the trade and business route to India from that area.
However, the Chin nationals had suspicions over the intention of British.
In March 1888, the Chin nationals attacked the areas namely Inn Dinn (Now called Ann Tan); Kalewa; Kalemyo; and Kabaw Valley.
Shwe Gyo Bhyu Prince and the followers were fighting and revolting against the British government and therefore, the Chin nationals provided them with safe shelters.
In the year 1888, they revolt and fight against the British.
In February 1889, Sir George White and Major Rakes arrived at Khaw Sa Village belong to Siyan Chin tribes, and established a military brigade in Htoke Hlaing Village.
With the intent to fight and crush the British,
(37) warriors of Siyan Chin tribe started digging a trench and built a fort at Sial Lum Village, which was later named as "Sial Lum Fort".
The stronghold had all the required basic structures of warfare such as main fort, trench for the women warriors, pathway around the trench, lower trench, and look-out trench.
Moreover, three-foot high sharp spikes were erected around the fort.
As for the safe shelters inside the fort, separate spaces for the children and women, for the local tribal chiefs, and for the spiritual lords.
As the site of the fort had been chosen at the edge of a downhill deep valley, the fort remained safe at the rear.
The war fought on 4 May 1889 by the Chin tribes against the British troops at the Sial Lum Fort turned out to be the most daring battle and left many soldiers dead and injured.
The war resulted with the death of(28) Chin patriots and warriors including brave women.
Total of (11) patriots suffered injuries.
In the year 1965, the renovation of the fort was carried out and the pillar bearing the name of the stronghold was erected.
The triumphant and jubilant ceremony to mark the resistance against the British troops by the Chin tribes is held each and every year at Waw Lar Village where over (300) Siyin Chin tribes are residing.
It is our duty-bound honor to maintain and preserve the historical site and structure of Sial Lum Fort in Chin State that stands out for over 120 years where the Chin national resisted against the British colonialists with fiery battle holding the head high with patriotic spirit.
Translated by UMT